Exclusive: The autocratic petro-state could once again chair the influential panel
Jon Stone, The Independent
July 16, 2016
Former UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond and Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubair in May this year
Ministers have refused to rule out re-electing Saudi Arabia to chair the United Nations’ human rights council for a second time.
The autocratic petro-state’s appointment to the international body caused international outcry in 2013, with the British Government’s role in the affair under particular scrutiny.
The Government last year was urged to come clean over whether it backed the appointment of the Faisal bin Hassan Trad, Saudi Arabia’s ambassador at the UN in Geneva, to chair the panel of so-called independent human rights experts.
Leaked diplomatic cables appeared to show the UK was involved in a secret vote-trading deal to secure spaces on the council.
The influential five-strong panel selects applicants from around the world for scores of expert roles in countries where the UN has a mandate on human rights.
Saudi Arabia has one of the worst human rights record in the world, with beheading and crucifixion in regular use and massive institutionalised discrimination against women.
The state beheaded well over 100 people in 2015, a significant increase on 2014.
Foreign Office minister Baroness Anelay this month refused to answer a question by crossbench peer Baroness Deech on whether the UK would back Saudi Arabia’s re-appointment.
“The UK never publicises how it votes in these matters. Saudi Arabia did not need our support in the last election to the Human Rights Council since they were uncontested,” the minister said in a written statement.
Saudi Arabian security forces on parade (Getty).
Liberal Democrat foreign affairs spokesperson Tom Brake told the Independent that Saudi Arabia’s position on the council was an “international disgrace” and described the Government’s refusal to disclose how it would vote as “ridiculous”.
“Saudi Arabia is one of the most serious violators of human rights in the world. The regime actively rejects women’s rights, minority rights, and religious freedoms, executes its citizens with alarming frequency and consistently undermines the rule of law,” he said.
“The fact that this country is currently on the Human Rights Council is an international disgrace, and I call on the UK Government to break whatever ridiculous protocol to which they are currently clinging, and state categorically that it will not only vote against Saudi’s re-election to the council, but also that it will actively and vocally encourage all other states to do the same.”
Saudi Arabia’s human rights record has arguably deteriorated since the previous elections to the council as the country has since begun a brutal military operation in Yemen against Houthi rebels.
International charities and observers have reported airstrikes against schools, charity hospitals, and wedding parties, with Saudi bombs often falling far from any military targets.
Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, the UN’s high commissioner for human rights, has said that “carnage” caused by certain Saudi coalition airstrikes against civilian targets appear to be war crimes.
The British Government has publicly remained a staunch backer of the dictatorship, refusing calls from the European Parliament and House of Commons international development committee to stop selling weapons to the autocratic monarchy.
David Cameron attended the funeral of late Saudi king Abdullah bin Abdulaziz in January 2015, at a cost of £100,000 in British public money.
Yemeni children walk on stones in front of buildings that were damaged by air strikes carried out by the Saudi-led coalition during the past year in the Unesco-listed old city of the Yemeni capital Sanaa (MOHAMMED HUWAIS/AFP/Getty)
Official figures reported by the Independent in January this year show sales of British bombs and missiles to the country increased 100 times in the three-month period since the start of the attacks on Yemen. The sales jumped from £9million in the previous three months to £1billion.
Mr Cameron, who stepped down as PM this week following the election of Theresa May to leader of the Conservative party, said in January that Britain’s relationship with Saudi Arabia is “important for our own security”.