Hoyland’s book is worth looking into: Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam (Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam).
by Robert G. Hoyland
There may be a reason why the black stone and its frame in the Kaaba is shaped like a vagina common in ancient goddess worship. The known history of Mohammed reveals that he was born around 570 CE into a tribe of the Quraysh [known as Sons Of Korah/Korahites in the Bible], who not only worshiped the goddess Q’re but were the sworn guardians of her shrine.
In the Biblical times of the Old Testament the sons of the Korahite tribe came from a very aggressive and rebellious father but managed to survive his battles. The Korahites were a paternal house of the Kohathite Levites and descended from Korah through his three sons Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. They became the gatekeepers for the house of Jehovah.
By 622 Mohammed was preaching the ways of his god, Allah, and was driven out by his own tribe as a result. Muhammad’s many looting sprees most likely brought him booty from bits and pieces of many sects and faiths of the region, which eventually were collected and shaped into the Qur’an.
This which they call “stone,” is the head of Aphrodite… whom they call Chabar [Kabar]
John of Damascus writing in the 730s A.D. (and therefore nearly a century after the initial conquest) notes:
“They [Muslims] call us associators (hetairiastas) because, they say, we introduce to God an associate by saying Christ is the Son of God and God. To them we say that the prophets and the scripture have transmitted this, and you, as you affirm, accept the prophets …
Again we say to them: “How, when you say that Christ is the Word and Spirit of God, do you revile us as associators? For the Word and the Spirit are inseparable … So we call you mutilators (koptas) of God … They misrepresent us as idolaters because we prostrate ourselves before the cross, which they loathe.
And we say to them: “Why then do you rub yourselves on a stone at your Ka’ba (Chabatha) and hail the stone with fond kisses?” … This, then, which they call “stone,” is the head of Aphrodite, whom they used to worship and whom they call Chabar.”
Here we see the an early reference to Christian-Muslim dialogue. By this time a leading Christian like John felt comfortable enough to respond to Muslim attacks on Christianity. Interestingly, he makes this comment on female genital mutilation (FGM) “He [Muhammad] prescribed that they be circumcised, women as well” which indicates that this practice was foreign to Syria before the Muslims arrived.
The Islamic paradise of 72 virgins could well be attributed to the Asrarte aspect of Aphrodite, who was associated with fertility, sex, war and destruction. Let us keep in mind that the original Aphrodite was not like the former Aphrodite, centuries later, we are more accustomed to in the West to associated the name with:
Saint Theophanes the Confessor [750-818AD] describe Muhammad: “He said that this paradise was one of carnal eating and drinking and intercourse with women, and had a river of wine, honey and milk, and that the women were not like the ones down here, but different ones, and that the intercourse was long-lasting and the pleasure continuous.”
Asrarte (Aphrodite) with eyes of rubies, of white marble, gold decorations – and the Crescent moon over her head.
- The religions of the ancient Near East have a number of love goddesses that can be argued to be similar to certain aspects of Aphrodite.
- Pausanias states the first to establish a cult of Aphrodite were the Assyrians, after the Assyrians the Paphians of Cyprus and then the Phoenicians at Ascalon. The Phoenicians, in turn, taught her worship to the people of Cythera.
- The Black Stone rests in the Haram, “Sanctuary”, cognate of “harem,” which used to mean a Temple of Women: in Babylon, a shrine of the Goddess Har, mother of harlots. Hereditary guardians of the Haram were the Koreshites [korahites], “children of Kore,” Mohammed’s own tribe. The holy office was originally held by women, before it was taken over by male priests calling themselves Beni Shayban, “Sons of the Old Woman.”
- Aphrodite, stems from the more archaic Cretan Aphordíta and Cypriot Aphorodíta, and was probably ultimately borrowed from Cypriot Phoenician. Herodotus and Pausanias recorded that Aphrodite’s oldest non-Greek temple lay in the Syrian city of Ascalon where she was known as Ourania, an obvious reference to Astarte [Astarte was connected with fertility, sexuality, and war.] This suggests that Aphrodite’s cult located at Cythera-Cyprus came from the Phoenicians. The fact that one of Aphrodite’s chief centers of worship remained on the southwestern Cypriot coast settled by Phoenicians, where the goddess had long been worshiped as Ashtart (ʻštrt), points to the transmission of Aphrodite’s original cult from Phoenicia to Cyprus then to mainland Greece. Ashtart was known as Ashteroth in the Hebrew Bible.
- Astarte arrived in Ancient Egypt during the 18th dynasty along with other deities who were worshipped by northwest Semitic people. She was especially worshiped in her aspect as a warrior goddess, often paired with the goddess Anat.
- A number of improbable non-Greek etymologies have been suggested in scholarship. One Semitic etymology compares Aphrodite to the Assyrian barīrītu, the name of a female demon that appears in Middle Babylonian and Late Babylonian texts.
Is this the missing body of the Aphrodite Head in the Kaaba? Temple of Paphian Aphrodite in Cyprus. Remains of temple of Aphrodite dating back to 1500 BCE and modernised until the end of the Roman age. Paphian means of or pertaining to illicit sexual love; erotic; wanton; a prostitute. There are actual indications in the Qur’an that Muhammad himself was born from a prostitute or a slave, or was the result of an illicit affair, which would explain why he probably worshiped various Tribal deities.
- Curiously enough, on Cyprus is the third most important and highly venerated Islamic site after Mecca and Medina – the Hala Sultan Tekke. This, too, has a black rock, said to have fallen as a meteorite as part of the tritholon over the shrine. The shrine is to a woman – the ‘aunt and foster mother of Prophet Mohammed’, an explanation that is probably been modified over the centuries. The ‘foster mother’ may likely be a family deity of Mohammed; Asarte. Could this, like Mecca, have been originally a goddess shrine? Unfortunately no other clues are forthcoming. It’s note worthy that there has been discoveries of Hindu idols found in the deserts of Kuwait. Hinduism was probably expanded as far as Arabia, and idol worship and temples was prevalent in the region.
“Varro states that the goddess was brought from a shrine called the Megalesion in the city of Pergamon while Ovid located the Mother’s home on Mount Ida near the ancient city of Troy, which was under Pergamene control at that time. Livy seems to combine the two traditions in reporting that the Romans sought the help of the Pergamene king Attalos I in obtaining the goddess from Pessinous. Precisely what the Romans obtained is described in several sources: it was a small dark sacred stone not formed into any iconographic image, that had fallen to the shrine of Pessinous from the sky.“(Roller, In Search of God the Mother, p. 265).
Muhammad with the black stone.
- Aphrodite is also known as Areia, showing her connection to Ares, the god of war, whom she had extramarital relations with. As a result, she was, to some extent, made into a goddess of war. This is especially true in Sparta.
[Click to enlarge image] The Black stone in the Kaaba with a silver frame that has uncanny resemblance to Hindu goddess worship.